Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a condition that causes burning pain in the mouth. This pain can be constant or come and go. It may also be accompanied by a dry mouth, tingling sensations, or changes in taste. Burning mouth syndrome can affect anyone, but it is more common in women and those who are postmenopausal. There are many possible causes of burning mouth syndrome, including medications, nutritional deficiencies, and oral infections. Symptoms can usually be managed with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications, but in some cases more aggressive treatment may be necessary.
Burning mouth syndrome symptoms
The symptoms can vary from person to person. The most common symptom is burning pain in the mouth that is not relieved by drinking or eating. This pain may be constant or come and go.
Other burning mouth syndrome symptoms may include:
- A dry mouth
- Changes in taste, such as a metallic taste
- Tingling or numbness in the mouth
- Pain that gets worse when you lie down
- Cracking of the corners of the mouth
- It can also cause psychological symptoms, such as anxiety or depression.
If you think you may have burning mouth syndrome, see your doctor. They will ask about your symptoms and medical history. They may also do a physical exam of your mouth and perform some tests, such as a blood test or an allergy test.
What causes burning mouth syndrome?
The most common cause of burning mouth syndrome is unknown. However, there are many potential causes, including psychological factors, viral infections, hormonal changes, nutritional deficiencies, and side effects of certain medications. Burning mouth syndrome can also be a symptom of other underlying medical conditions, such as diabetes or Sjogren’s syndrome.
The relation b/w burning mouth syndrome and menopause
Burning mouth syndrome is often seen in women who are going through menopause. This is likely due to the hormonal changes that occur during menopause, which can lead to changes in the way the body produces saliva. Dry mouth is a common symptom of menopause, and it can also contribute to burning mouth syndrome.
Treatment for burning mouth syndrome
There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for this condition, but there are a number of things you can do to ease the pain and discomfort. Here are some tips:
- Sip cold water or suck on ice chips throughout the day to help relieve the burning sensation.
- Avoid hot beverages and foods, as they can aggravate the symptoms.
- Try over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
- Apply a topical anesthetic, such as lidocaine, to the affected area.
- Use a mouthwash or rinse containing calcium carbonate or xylitol to help soothe the mouth and reduce symptoms.
See your dentist or doctor if the pain is severe or does not improve with home treatment. They may prescribe a mouthrinse, gel, or cream containing a corticosteroid or an antifungal medication.